Ockfuskenena, a Creek Indian Town, and the Events that Lead to its Attack and Destruction
The quarterly meeting of the Chattahoochee Valley Historical Society will be held at 3:00 pm ET on October 18, 2015 at the Bradshaw Library in Valley, AL. The Bradshaw Library is located on Highway 29 in Valley, Alabama, approximately one mile south of I-85 Exit 79. The public is invited and encouraged to attend.
Joseph H. Thompson, retired Historic Site Manager II, with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, will present “Okfuskenena, a Creek Indian Town, and the Events that Lead to its Attack and Destruction.” Joe is a graduated from West Point High School. He received his A.A. degree from Middle Georgia College, and his B.S. degree in History from LaGrange College. He served as Historic Site Manager at Sunbury Historic Site and as Historic Site Manager II at Wormsloe Historic Site, both Georgia Department of Natural Resources sites located on the Georgia coast. Joe serves as a board member of The Friends of Horseshoe Bend, Fort Tyler, The Troup County Archives, and the Chattahoochee Valley Historical Society.
The presentation, “Okfuskenena, a Creek Indian Town, and the Events that Lead to its Attack and Destruction,” will establish the Creek town’s origin and the events that brought about its demise. A chronological order will be established putting into perspective the events that came about with the end of the American Revolution and the establishment of a new U.S. government and their effects on the Creek Nation and the town of Okfuskenena.
The conclusion of the American Revolution brought about the end of British Trade and support for the Indians. The State of Georgia made treaties with the Indians but not all were in agreement. The eventual push back of the Native People against expansion and white settlements became known as the Oconee War. With the ratification of the Constitution of February 6, 1788, it became illegal for states to make treaties and maintain a standing army. The United States efforts to establish a treaty at Rock Landing in 1789 on the Oconee River ended prematurely with Alexander McGillivray leaving with the Creek delegation. In a second attempt the Creeks were invited to New York to sign a treaty on August 7, 1790. McGillivray after returning home found that neither the Creeks nor the Georgians were satisfied. With the Georgians continued desire for more land the Indian raids continued. The Indian raids increased with the death of Alexander McGillivray in February, 1793. The south was on the eve of an all-out war. In retaliation the Green County Militia burned a Creek town on the Chattahoochee, Ofuskeenena. During the Creek war 1813-14 General David Adams returned to the river crossing twenty years after burning Okfuskenena with orders to burn the Okfuskee town of Neuyauka on the Tallapoosa River.
In the mid-1960s the site of Burnt Village became an important archaeological site during the construction of the West Point Dam and reservoir.